King Solomon’s ID in the Bible:
His father: King David
His mother: Bathsheba (She and David committed adultery before marriage!).
His elevation to the throne took place before his father’s death, and was hastened on mainly by Nathan and Bathsheba, in consequence of the rebellion of Adonijah (1 Kings 1:5-40).
Nathan, his teacher, called him: “beloved of the Lord”
During his long reign of forty years the monarchy gained its highest splendor. He arranged the affairs of his extensive empire, he entered into an alliance with Egypt by the marriage of the daughter of Pharaoh (1 Kings 3:1). He surrounded himself with all the luxuries and the external grandeur of an Eastern monarch, and his government prospered. He entered into an alliance with Hiram, king of Tyre, who in many ways greatly assisted him in his numerous undertakings.
After the completion of the temple, Solomon engaged in the erection of many other buildings of importance in Jerusalem and in other parts of his kingdom.
Solomon also constructed great works and many buildings of importance allover of his kingdom.
His fame was spread abroad through all lands, and men came from far and near “to hear the wisdom of Solomon.” Among others thus attracted to hear his wisdom was the Queen of Sheba, Yemen today. She was filled with amazement by all she saw and heard.
The “golden age” of his kingdom:
During his reign Palestine enjoyed great commercial prosperity. Extensive traffic was carried on by land with Tyre and Egypt and Arabia, and by sea with Spain and India and the coasts of Africa, by which Solomon accumulated vast stores of wealth and of the produce of all nations (1 Kings 9:26-28; 10:11, 12; 2 Chr. 8:17, 18; 9:21). This was the “golden age” of his kingdom.
His decline and fall:
The first half of his reign was, however, by far the brighter and more prosperous; the latter half was clouded by the idolatries into which he fell, mainly from his heathen intermarriages (1 Kings 11:1-8; 14:21, 31).
The golden age of his kingdom passed away; and the bright day of Solomon’s glory ended in clouds and darkness.
He had seven hundred wives and three hundred concubines, an evidence at once of his pride, his wealth, and his sensuality.
His decline and fall from his high estate is a sad record. Chief among the causes of his decline were his polygamy and his great wealth.
The idle king living among these idle women, for 1,000 women, with all their idle and mischievous attendants, filled the palaces and pleasure-houses which he had built (1 Kings 11:3), learned first to tolerate and then to imitate their heathenish ways. He did not, indeed, cease to believe in the God with his mind. He did not cease to offer the usual sacrifices in the temple at the great feasts. But his heart was not right with God; his worship became merely formal; his soul, left empty by the dying out of true religious fervor,
This brought upon him the divine displeasure.
Books of Solomon:
The traditional view is that Solomon had written two books, and both are the product of Solomon’s pen.
They are the Song of Solomon, (song of songs) and the Ecclesiastes which means “Preacher.”
The two books contradict with each other.
The song is the book of love and sex, waiting the beloved, kissing the beloved, the lips, the legs, the thigh, the chest of the beloved etc.
On the other hand, the Ecclesiastes is the book of “Vanity of vanities! Saith the Preacher, Vanity of vanities! All is vanity!”
King Solomon’s ID in the Quran:
The difference between the stories of King Solomon in the Bible versus the Quran is very big.
The most important issues are:
1] Solomon was a prophet in the Quran but not in the Bible
2] Solomon was never ever Idolater in the Quran
3] His Languages, Hosts, Kingdom, Companions, Castle etc. in the Quran are unique but not in the Bible
4] His power to control the wind and the devils are found in the Quran but not in the Bible.
5] He was devoted to Allah and did his best to spread the Lord’s religion.
6] The Quran does not mention that he has 1000 women!
For more details about King Solomon in the Quran, read my articles:
Not in Bible but in Quran (6); King Solomon’s Unique Languages
Not in Bible but in Quran (7); the Unique Hosts of King Solomon
Not in Bible but in Quran (8); King Solomon Hears the Speech of the Ants
Not in Bible but in Quran (9); King Solomon and the Unique Wind
Not in Bible but in Quran (10); King Solomon and His Unique Kingdom
Not in Bible but in Quran (11); King Solomon and His Unique Hoopoe
Not in Bible but in Quran (12); King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba
Not in Bible but in Quran (13); King Solomon’s Companion and the First Surprise!
Not in Bible but in Quran (14); King Solomon’s Castle and the Second Surprise!
Not in Bible but in Quran (15); King Solomon and the Subservient Devils!
Not in Bible but in Quran (16); King Solomon and His Arab Horses
Not in Bible but in Quran (17); King Solomon, the Wise Judge
Not in Bible but in Quran (18); King Solomon Spoke Arabic
Not in Bible but in Quran (19); Was King Solomon Atheist?
Not in Bible but in Quran (20); King Solomon and His Amazing Death!
Not in Bible but in Quran (21); the Quran Honors King Solomon but the Bible Dishonors Him!
Not in Bible but in Quran (22); Has King Solomon Propagated the Lord’s Religion?
There should be a hidden reason(s) why the Bible dishonors King Solomon. On the other hand, the Quran made his innocence very clear.
One may speculate that the Bible’s writers hated King Solomon very much, but why and how? This will be discussed in the next article.
Back to the main issue of my series of articles; this is my question to you smart readers: “Is the Quran quoted from the Bible?”
By the way, the disbelieved ignorant Arabs stated that the Quran quoted from the Bible more than 1400 years ago! (Read my article about chapter 25).
Professor Dr. Ibrahim Khalil
Prof. of Clinical and Chemical Pathology,
Head of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control Unit,
Ain-Shams University. Cairo, Egypt.
President of the Egyptian Society of Inventors.
Member of the Egyptian union of Writers